Do you have one of the devices available that the RNode Firmware supports? In that case, it is very easy to turn it into a working RNode by using the
With the firmware installed, you can use your newly created RNode as:
So let's get started! You will need either a LilyGO T-Beam v1.1, a LilyGO LoRa32 v2.0, a LilyGO LoRa32 v2.1 or a Heltec LoRa32 v2 device. More supported devices are added regularly, so it might be useful to check the latest list of supported devices as well.
It is currently recommended to use one of the following devices: A LilyGO LoRa32 v2.1 (also known as TTGO T3 v1.6.1) or a LilyGO T-Beam v1.1.
Some devices come with transceiver chips that are currently unsupported by the RNode Firmware. Currently devices with an SX1276 or SX1278 chip are supported. Support for SX1262, SX1268 and SX1280 is being added. Please support the development with donations, if you would like to see these chips supported.
Beware! Some devices, like the T-Beam, use SiLabs USB chips. These may need additional drivers to work well on macOS and Windows. Linux usually has up-to-date drivers pre-installed. The SiLabs driver may also experience conflicts with earlier, pre-installed versions of the driver, causing a resource busy error, which can be fixed by removing the old driver.
To get started, you will need to install at least version 2.1.0 of the RNode Configuration Utility.
rnodeconf program is included in the
rns package. Please read these instructions for more information on how to install it from this repository, or from the Internet. If installation goes well, you can now move on to the next step.
We are now ready to start installing the firmware. To install the RNode Firmware on your devices, run the RNode autoinstaller using this command:
The installer will now ask you to insert the device you want to set up, scan for connected serial ports, and ask you a number of questions regarding the device. When it has the information it needs, it will install the correct firmware and configure the necessary parameters in the device EEPROM for it to function properly.
If the install goes well, you will be greated with a success message telling you that your device is now ready.
Please Note! If you are connected to the Internet while installing, the autoinstaller will automatically download any needed firmware files to a local cache before installing.
If you do not have an active Internet connection while installing, you can extract and use the firmware from this device instead. This will only work if you are building the same type of RNode as the device you are extracting from, as the firmware has to match the targeted board and hardware configuration.
If you need to extract the firmware from an existing RNode, run the following command:
rnodeconf finds a working RNode, it will extract and save the firmware from the device for later use. You can then run the auto-installer with the
--use-extracted option to use the locally extracted file:
rnodeconf --autoinstall --use-extracted
This also works for updating the firmware on existing RNodes, so you can extract a newer firmware from one RNode, and deploy it onto other RNodes using the same method. Just use the
--update option instead of
To confirm everything is OK, you can query the device info with:
rnodeconf --info /dev/ttyUSB0
Remember to replace
/dev/ttyUSB0 with the actual port the installer used in the previous step. You should now see
rnodeconf connect to your device and show something like this:
[20:11:22] Opening serial port /dev/ttyUSB0... [20:11:25] Device connected [20:11:25] Current firmware version: 1.26 [20:11:25] Reading EEPROM... [20:11:25] EEPROM checksum correct [20:11:25] Device signature validated [20:11:25] [20:11:25] Device info: [20:11:25] Product : LilyGO LoRa32 v2.0 850 - 950 MHz (b0:b8:36) [20:11:25] Device signature : Validated - Local signature [20:11:25] Firmware version : 1.26 [20:11:25] Hardware revision : 1 [20:11:25] Serial number : 00:00:00:02 [20:11:25] Frequency range : 850.0 MHz - 950.0 MHz [20:11:25] Max TX power : 17 dBm [20:11:25] Manufactured : 2022-01-27 20:10:32 [20:11:25] Device mode : Normal (host-controlled)
On the hardware side, you should see the status LED flashing briefly approximately every 2 seconds. If all of the above checks out, congratulations! Your RNode is now ready to use. If your device has a display, it should also come alive and show you various information related to the device state.
If you want to use it with Reticulum, Nomad Network, LoRaMon, or other such applications, leave it in the default
Normal (host-controlled) mode.
If you want to use it with legacy amateur radio applications that work with KISS TNCs, you should set it up in TNC mode.
If you are using a LilyGO LoRa32 v2.1 device, you can connect an external NeoPixel RGB LED for device status using the following setup:
For the firmware to activate the NeoPixel LED, you must also make specific choices in the autoinstaller guide:
If you are using a LilyGO T-Beam device, you can connect an external SSD1306 OLED display using the following setup:
On T-Beam devices, you can also connect external RX/TX LEDs to Pin 2 and Pin 4.